Beekeeping can be a fascinating hobby, a profitable sideline, or a full-time occupation. You may want to keep bees for the delicious fresh honey they produce, or for the benefits of their valuable services as pollinators, or simply for the pleasure of learning more about one of nature’s most interesting insects. But how do you acquire the proper beekeeping information needed to raise bees successfully?
The fundamental key to beekeeping is understanding the bee itself. Bees are social insects, which means that they live together in large, well-organized family groups. These social insects are highly evolved and engage in a variety of complex tasks that are not practiced by solitary insects. Communication, complex nest building, environmental control, defense, and division of labor are just some of the behaviors that honey bees have evolved to successfully exist in social colonies.
A typical colony consists of, QUEEN, WORKERS AND DRONES. All WORKER bees are female and, depending on their age, they perform all the tasks of the hive, they can help with tasks such as feeding the young, cleaning the hive, handling incoming nectar and guarding the entrance to the hive.
All DRONES are male and do not have a stinger. Their main function is to impregnate the virgin queen during her mating flight, but only a small number of drones perform this function. Drones reach sexual maturity about a week after emerging and die instantly upon mating. Although the drones do not perform any useful work for the hive, their presence is believed to be important for the normal functioning of the colony.
The QUEEN is female and her main job is reproduction. The second main function of a queen is to produce pheromones that serve as a social “glue” that unifies and helps give individual identity to a bee colony.
The initial purchase, aside from the bees themselves, is the hive. Once the hive has been purchased or built, the next step is to purchase a pack of bees. Yes, that’s right, you can buy an established bee colony. The alternative is to go out and collect a wild swarm of bees, but buying a colony of packed bees is probably a good idea to start with, especially when you’re just starting out with your new hobby.
Protective clothing is highly recommended for the beginner, also a smoker and other necessary hive tools. Although bees have a stinger that can give a painful injection, bees generally only sting if they have to protect themselves or their hive. With this in mind, beekeepers wear protective clothing such as hat, veil, gloves, and beekeeping suit. For added safety for the beekeeper, a smoker is used to calm the bees and easily manage the hive and bee colony.
The way the smoker works is that it discharges smoke, the smoke tricks the bees into thinking that the colony may have to escape from the hive due to a possible fire hazard. the smoke also obscures the pheromones emitted by the guard bees to the other bees in the colony that the hive may have a potential intruder.
Because extracting honey from a hive can sometimes be challenging, certain precautions are taken. Extracting the honey at the right time is also essential, when harvesting the honey, if you harvest it too early, it will contain too much water, which could spoil the honey, leave it too long, and the hive will not have more space for the honey. bees to store honey.
A good indication of whether or not the honey is ready is when the beekeeper (you) can see layers of wax on top of the honey cells, then they know it is time to harvest the honey. Pick a sunny day in the morning as the best time of day to harvest your honey, as your bees will be out of the hive and busy foraging.
Now for the legal stuff, before you get carried away with the romantic idea of taming wild insects to get your own delicious honey for pleasure or profit. Make sure of your local government rules and regulations for beekeeping in your state, city or area.